How to Build a Solar Panel

solar-cell-2

A great way to create electricity, no matter where on earth you are is to use Solar Power. It has been proved to be an abundant source of power for many years. One big advantage of Solar Energy is its completely free and does not cost a penny. To get your Solar Energy System up and running you must purchase some Solar Panels and wire them up to your electricity system. Once they are installed you can begin to see results instantly. One big disadvantage of Solar Panels is the cost it takes to professionally install them. If you have the patience and are a fairly hands on person then you will not find it difficult to build and install your own Solar Panels.

 

Instructions

Before you begin to install your Solar Panels you must test them to make sure there is not a fault with them. To do this you must purchase a Volt Meter and connect it to the panel and place the panel in the sun for 5-10 minutes. This will give the panel enough energy to be noticed by the Volt Meter and this will tell you if there is anything wrong with the Solar Panels without you installing them to find problems later on. Testing each cell is vital and they must all be done individually, write down the amounts of each panel. The readout for the voltage should be about .5 watts per cell. They can go slightly above or below and not matter a great deal. When you have all of your numbers written down, add them all up and you will have a good estimation of how much electricity you will produce through Solar Energy.

 

To start, get a reciprocating saw and cut your plywood to the measurements you require.  You must place your panels in an optimized location on your house to ensure maximum efficiency, also to make sure you have them at the correct size before you attach the full system together. Next, get your drill and place a hole through which will house the central wire, and holes also need to be placed in each corner of each panel. Ensure you place a few coats of varnish on your panels to ensure they have maximum amount of life before needing to be replaced as they will encounter a lot of weather damage over time.

 

To link your Solar Panels together you need to place them in a series and solder them together using a soldering gun. Use the tabs that are on each cell you can solder them. Using a very minor amount of caulk attach your solar cells to the varnished panel.  Each chain must be soldered to a central wire and then a feed wire through the hole in each panel. When building your Solar Panels you should ensure they are kept out of view from the son so they do not start to charge as you are building them. Ensure the caulk is left to dry for at least an hour before you continue.

 

The next step is to drill more holes then you must drill holes on each corner of the Plexiglas to correspond with the holes you have previously placed on the panel. Fix the Plexiglas to the panels using screws, you must be very cautious not to break the solar cells whilst still making a firm connection between them. Caulk around the edges to ensure a tight fit and protect it against moisture and stopping mould setting in for the future years. There must be no gaps between the Plexiglas and the Plywood. If you come across any gaps then use more caulk to ensure it is fully tight.

 

Things You Will Need

 

Plywood

Varnish

Paintbrush

Solar Cells

Voltage Meter

Wire

Caulk

Caulk Gun

Plexiglas

Drill

Screwdriver

Screws

 

 

The Future is Solar Energy

 

Solar Panels convert sunlight into electricity. There are no moving parts on solar panels and they are literally WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get). There require little to no maintenance at all and have zero emissions.  The lifetime of an average Solar Panel is around 25 to 30 years however they can go for a considerable amount of time after this. The best part of Solar Energy is that once you have paid for the initial set-up costs. It then becomes literally Free Electricity for the next 30 years with no extra fees at all.

 

Solar Panels partner is sunshine. To generate Solar Energy you must have sun rays on the Solar Cells in order to produce anything, this is why placement is key. The Solar Panels must be mounted to your roof in order to receive the maximum amount of energy. It is a good idea to check before you even begin to purchase Solar Panels is to do a study of how much sunlight your area gets within the past 24 months. It would be pointless purchasing Panels if your area receives little to no sunlight through the year, you will end up losing money. Councils are now offering a rebate system put in place by the government to help family homes who wish to go eco-friendly and turn their home into a ‘Green Home’

Be Sociable, Share!